What you need to know
These changes to superannuation are significant and will affect individual taxpayers differently, depending at what stage of working life individuals are at – low income earners or high income earners, in or out of the work force for the time being, nearing retirement or in retirement. Be ‘SuperWise’ – you should speak to your tax adviser to help determine how the changes impact on you, for example, whether you should take advantage of any of the changing caps now to top up your superannuation or reconsider how to plan for your retirement. We have Superannuation specialists ready to help you with all your needs.
1) Earning less than $40,000
- Change to spouse tax offset
From 1 July 2017, the spouse’s income threshold will increase to $40,000. The current 18% tax offset of up to $540 will remain and will be available for any individual, whether married or de facto, contributing to a recipient spouse whose income is up to $40,000. As is currently the case, the offset gradually reduces for incomes above $37,000 and completely phases out at incomes above $40,000.
- New low income superannuation tax offset
From 1 July 2017, the new low income superannuation tax offset (LISTO) will be introduced and will replace the low income superannuation contribution (LISC).
Eligible individuals with an adjusted taxable income of up to $37,000 will receive a LISTO contribution into their superannuation fund. The LISTO will equal 15% of total concessional (pre-tax) superannuation contributions for an income year. However, this will be capped at $500.
LISTO is intended to support low-income earners and ensure they do not have to have more tax on their superannuation contributions than they would pay on their salary and wages.
2) Part-time workers or time out of the workforce
- Carrying forward unused concessional contributions
To improve flexibility in the superannuation system, from 1 July 2018, individuals will be able to make ‘carry-forward’ concessional superannuation contributions if they have a total superannuation balance of less than $500,000. Individuals will be able to access their unused concessional contributions cap for an income year on a rolling basis for five years. Amounts carried forward that have not been used after five years will expire.
The first year in which an individual will be able to access unused concessional contributions is the 2019-20 income year.
- Change in eligibility for co-contributions
Currently, to receive a government co-contribution you must meet the following requirements:
- have made one or more eligible personal superannuation contributions to your superannuation during the income year;
- pass the two income tests (‘income threshold’ and ‘10% eligible income’ tests);
- be less than 71 years old at the end of the income year;
- not hold a temporary visa at any time during the income year (unless you are a New Zealand citizen or it was a prescribed visa); and
- lodge your tax return for the relevant income year.
From 1 July 2017, in addition to the above requirements:
- you must have a total superannuation balance of less than the transfer balance cap ($1.6 million for the 2017-18 income year) at the end of the previous income year; and
- you must not have contributed more than your non-concessional contributions cap.
3) Making extra contributions to your superannuation
- Changes to personal superannuation contributions deductions
From 1 July 2017, all individuals under age 75 will be able to claim a deduction for personal contributions they make to their superannuation funds. Currently only individuals who derive less than 10% of their income from employment can claim this tax deduction. However, this condition is being removed to bring more flexibility into the superannuation system and allow more people to utilise their concessional contributions cap. Note that all the other conditions are remaining.
Individuals will have to lodge a notice of their intention to claim the deduction with their superannuation provider should they wish to claim this deduction. Generally, this notice will need to be lodged before lodging your income tax return. You can choose how much of your personal superannuation contribution to claim a deduction for.
Note that these amounts count towards an individual’s concessional contributions cap and will be subject to 15% contributions tax in the fund.
Certain untaxed and defined benefit superannuation funds will be prescribed, meaning members will not be eligible to claim a deduction for contributions to these funds. If a member of a prescribed fund wishes to claim a deduction, they may choose to make a personal contribution to another superannuation fund. Therefore, should you intend to make extra personal contributions, you will have to consider if your fund can receive them.
Note also that the government announced that it will retain the work test for individuals aged 65 to 74.
- Change to the concessional (pre-tax) contributions cap
From 1 July 2017, the concessional contributions cap is $25,000 for everyone. Prior to this, it was $35,000 for people 49 years and older at the end of the previous income year and $30,000 for everyone else. The new cap will be indexed in line with average weekly ordinary time earnings (AWOTE), in increments of $2,500 (rounded down).
- Before 30 June 2017: If you would like to make extra concessional contributions, check how much concessional contributions have been made on your behalf to all your super funds since 1 July 2016, first estimate the amount of contributions that will be made on your behalf (eg by your employer) before 30 June 2017 or through an existing salary sacrifice arrangement, then work out the gap between these amounts and the amount of concessional cap that is relevant to you that remains before you make additional concessional contributions.
- After 1 July 2017: If you would like to make extra concessional contributions, ensure that your concessional contributions made throughout the year from yourself, made on your behalf or through a salary sacrifice arrangement do not exceed $25,000.
- Change to non-concessional (post-tax) contributions cap
From 1 July 2017, the annual non-concessional contributions cap will be reduced from $180,000 to $100,000 per year. This will remain available to individuals between 65 and 74 years old if they meet the work test. The cap is set at four times the concessional contributions cap (ie 4 x $25,000) and will be indexed in line with the concessional contributions cap.
In addition, from 1 July 2017, your non-concessional contributions cap will be nil for the income year if you have a total superannuation balance greater than or equal to the general transfer balance cap (which is $1.6 million for the 2017-18 income year) at the end of June of the previous income year. In this case, if you make non-concessional contributions in that year, they will be treated as ‘excess non-concessional contributions’ and taxed at a much higher rate.
There is a ‘bring-forward’ arrangement for individuals under 65, who may be able to make non-concessional contributions of up to three times the annual non-concessional contributions cap in a single year by bringing forward the non-concessional contributions cap for a two- or three-year period. If eligible, when you make contributions greater than the annual cap, you automatically gain access to future-year caps.
From 1 July 2017, the non-concessional contributions cap amount you can bring forward, and whether you have a two or three-year bring-forward period, will depend on your total superannuation balance at the end of June of the previous income year.
For 2017-18, to access the non-concessional bring-forward arrangement:
- you must be under 65 years of age for one day during the triggering year (the first year); and
- you must have a total superannuation balance of less than $1.5 million.
The remaining cap amount for years two or three of a bring-forward arrangement is reduced to nil for an income year if your total superannuation balance is greater than or equal to the general transfer cap at the end of the previous income year.
4) Earning close to or over $250,000
- Change to Division 293 income threshold
Currently, individuals with income and concessional superannuation contributions greater than $300,000 will trigger a Division 293 assessment.
From 1 July 2017, the government will lower the Division 293 income threshold to $250,000. An individual with income, and concessional superannuation contributions, exceeding the $250,000 threshold will have an additional 15% tax imposed on the lesser of:
- the excess, or
- the concessional contributions (except excess contributions).
The ATO will send an email or SMS to individuals who will receive their first Division 293 tax assessment or, who will receive it in myGov if they have linked their account to the ATO. These emails and SMS will only issue during peak assessment periods – you may have already received one in November 2016 or could do so between April and early June 2017.
5) Approaching retirement
- Change to transition to retirement income streams
From 1 July 2017, the tax-exempt status of earnings from assets that support a Transition to Retirement Scheme (TRIS) will be removed. Earnings from assets supporting a TRIS will be taxed at 15% regardless of the date the TRIS commenced.
TRIS are currently available to assist individuals to gradually move to retirement by accessing a limited amount of their superannuation. Where a superannuation fund member is currently receiving a TRIS, their fund receives the earnings on the assets used to support the TRIS on a tax-free basis.
Earnings on assets supporting transition to retirement income streams will now be taxed concessionally at 15%. This change will apply irrespective of when the transition to retirement income stream commenced.
Individuals will also no longer be allowed to treat certain superannuation income stream payments as lump sums for tax purposes.
The intent of this change is to ensure that TRIS are used to support individuals who are still in the workforce and are transitioning out, rather than being accessed mainly for tax purposes.
- Innovative retirement income stream products
Currently, there are rules restricting the development of new retirement income products. From 1 July 2017, the government will remove these barriers by extending the tax exemption on earnings in the retirement phase to innovative products, such as deferred lifetime annuities and group self-annuitisation products. The intent of the change is to provide greater choice and flexibility for retirees to manage the risk of outliving their retirement savings.
6) For retirees
- New transfer balance cap for pension phase accounts
From 1 July 2017, the superannuation transfer balance cap of $1.6 million will apply. This means there will be a limit on how much of your superannuation you can transfer from your accumulation superannuation account to a tax-free ‘retirement phase’ account to receive an account-based pension income.
The transfer balance cap will start at $1.6 million, and will be indexed in line with the consumer price index (CPI), rounded down to the nearest $100,000.
Individuals will need to track their own individual transfer balance cap. The amount of indexation you are entitled to will be calculated proportionally based on your available cap space. Only the amount of remaining cap space is indexed. Individuals will not be entitled to indexation if they exceed their transfer balance cap. However, you will be able to make transfers into the retirement phase so long as you have not reached your transfer balance cap.
Retirement phase income streams that started before 1 July 2017 will be counted towards the transfer balance cap on 1 July 2017. New pension accounts starting from 1 July 2017 will count towards the transfer balance cap when they commence.
If you are currently in excess of your transfer balance cap, then you may have to remove the excess from the retirement phase account and pay tax on the earnings in excess of the cap.
Different tax rules will apply if you receive a capped defined benefit income stream as you usually cannot transfer or remove excess amounts from these pensions. These pensions are commonly provided by defined benefit funds, but may be provided by other funds, including some self-managed superannuation funds (SMSFs).
If you have to move assets out of your retirement phase account back into your accumulation account to be under the cap before 1 July 2017, capital gains tax (CGT) relief is available to your superannuation fund to reset the cost base(s) of these assets. CGT relief is available if your fund holds the assets between 9 November 2016 and 30 June 2017.
- Removal of the anti-detriment payment
From 1 July 2017, the government will remove the ‘anti-detriment’ provision preventing superannuation funds from claiming a deduction in their own tax return for a top-up payment made as part of a death benefit payment where the beneficiary is the dependant of the person.
The top-up amount represents a refund of a member’s lifetime superannuation contribution tax payments into an estate. Removing the ability of the superannuation fund to claim this deduction is intended to ensure consistent treatment of lump sum death benefits across all superannuation funds.
Superannuation funds may continue to claim a deduction for an anti-detriment payment as part of a death benefit if a fund member dies on or before 30 June 2017. The fund has until 30 June 2019 to pay the benefit. Funds cannot include anti-detriment payments as part of a death benefit if the member dies on or after 1 July 2017.
This article is from the April 2017 Taxwise® Individual News which is distributed quarterly by professional tax practitioners to provide information of general interest to their clients. The content of this article does not constitute specific advice. Readers are encouraged to consult their tax adviser for advice on specific matters.